19.04 | 21
09.12 | - 16
07.12 | - 14
03.12 | : 100- 7-8
02.12 | 2021
01.12 |
30.11 | 7
29.11 | III - 3
28.11 | 30
27.11 | XXI . 2

 

  

.. Science Advances
, 22 2021  
,
Science Advances Genetic ancestry changes in Stone to Bronze Age transition in the East European plain, - , ... ...
 


Abstract

The transition from Stone to Bronze Age in Central and Western Europe was a period of major population movements originating from the Ponto-Caspian Steppe. Here, we report new genome-wide sequence data from 30 individuals north of this area, from the understudied western part of present-day Russia, including 3 Stone Age hunter-gatherers (10,800 to 4250 cal BCE) and 26 Bronze Age farmers from the Corded Ware complex Fatyanovo Culture (2900 to 2050 cal BCE). We show that Eastern hunter-gatherer ancestry was present in northwestern Russia already from around 10,000 BCE. Furthermore, we see a change in ancestry with the arrival of farmingFatyanovo Culture individuals were genetically similar to other Corded Ware cultures, carrying a mixture of Steppe and European early farmer ancestry. Thus, they likely originate from a fast migration toward the northeast from somewhere near modern-day Ukrainethe closest area where these ancestries coexisted from around 3000 BCE.



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